Translations in general

For translations of non-technical terms, consult these dictionaries or have a look in one of the overviews of available dictrionaries.

Alpine terms

Français Deutsch Italiano English
arête Grat cresta ridge, crest
artificiel, en artif künstliche Kletterei arrampicata artificiale artificial
avalanche Lawine valangha avalanche
barre rocheuse Felsband barra rocciosa cliff
bâtons (ski) Skistöcke bastoni (da sci) skiing poles
baudrier Klettergurt imbracatura climbing harness
bivouac Biwak bivacco bivouac
boîte à lettre Felsdurchschlupf passagio nella roccia letter box
bouquetin Steinbock stambecco ibex
brèche Scharte valico, fessura brèche
broche Eisschraube vite da ghiaccio ice screw
boussole Kompaß bussola compass
cabane, refuge Hütte capanna, rifugio hut
cairn Steinmann ornetto cairn
carton Bruchharsch ? ?
casque Helm casco helmet
chamois Gemse camoscio chamois
chemin Weg mulatiera path
cheminée Kamin camino chimney
chute de pierre Steinschlag caduta massi stonefall
chute de séracs Eisfall caduta di seracchi icefall
cigare freistehend ? freestanding
cime, sommet Gipfel cima, vetta summit
coin de bois Holzkeil cuneo di legno wooden wedge
coinceur Klemmkeil cuneo nut
col Paß, Joch colle, passo col, pass
combe Kar conca cwym
corde Seil corda rope
cordée Seilschaft cordata party
corniche Wächte cornice cornice
couloir Rinne canalone gully
couteaux (ski) Harscheisen rampanti ?
crampon Steigeisen rampone crampons
crête Kamm cresta ridge, crest
crévasse Gletscherspalte crepaccio crevasse
dalle Platte lastra di pietra, placca slab
dégaine Expresschlinge rinvio quickdraw
dent Zahn, Horn dente needle
descente Abstieg discesa descent
dièdre Verschneidung diedro groove
dortoir Matratzenlager dormitorio dormitory, bunkhouse
épaule Schulter spalla shoulder
éperon Sporn sperone spur
escalade en libre Freikletterei scalata libera free-climbing
fissure Riß fessura crack
gendarme Gratturm torre gendarme
glace Eis ghiaccio ice
glacier Gletscher ghiacciaio glacier
gollot Bohrhaken chiodo fisso bolt
goulotte Eisschlauch canaletto gully
guêtres Gamaschen ghette gaiters
lac See lago lake
longueur de corde Seillänge (SL) tiro di corda rope length
marmotte Murmeltier marmotta marmot
marteau Hammer martello hammer
mont Berg monte mount, mountain
montagne Gebirge, Berge montagna mountain
moraine Moräne morena moraine
mousqueton Karabiner moschettone karabiner
mur, paroi Wand muro, parete wall, face
neige Schnee neve snow
névé Firn, Schnee nevaio di neve Spring snow
paroi Wand parete wall
peaux Felle pelle di foca skins
pelle à neige (Lawinen)schaufel pala shovel
pilier Pfeiler pilastro pillar
piton Haken chiodo da roccia, gancio peg, piton
piolet Eispickel piccozza ice axe
plaque à vent Schneebrett ? wind slab
pointe Spitze punta peak
rappel abseilen corda doppia abseil
raide, rapide (old) steil ripido steep
relais Standplatz punto di sosta belay
ressaut Aufschwung balzo, slancio pull-up
rimaye Bergschrund crepaccio terminale bergschrund
rocher Felsen, Fels roccia rock face
sac à dos Rucksack zaino rucksack, backpack
sangle Riemen, Bandschlinge cinghia strap, sling, tape
selle Sattel Sella saddle
sentier Weg, Pfad sentiero path
sérac Eisbruch, Serak seracco serac, ice-pinnacle
sommet Gipfel vetta summit
sonde Lawinensonde sonda da neve avalanche probe
surchausson Überschuh soprascarpa overshoe
surplomb Überhang strapiombo overhang
téléphérique Seilbahn funivia, teleferica telepherique
toit Dach tetto roof
torrent Wildbach torrente torrent
vallée, val Tal valle valley
vire Band, Felsband cengia ledge
voie Führe, Route via route

Explanation of some technical terms in American.
Compiled from various sources. See also the etymology of some of these terms. Corrections and additions are most welcome. To my main page. Last updated on 18/1/00.